The term mangrove comes to English from Spanish. Mangrove swamps are present in tropical and subtropical tidal areas.
15 Interesting Mangrove Tree Facts
- A Mangrove is a small tree that had to physically adapt its roots, leaves and reproductive methods to survive in coastal saline or brackish water.
- There are several types of mangroves, but the most dominant are the red, black, white and buttonwood types.
- The red mangrove is the most widespread because of its unique propagation of seeds. These are dispersed by water until eventually embedding in the shallows.
- Mangroves stabilize shores by trapping sediments and building land. They form dense barriers against storms and tsunamis, saving lives and protecting properties.
- Mangrove ecosystems provide nursery habitats for fish, birds, crustaceans and marine mammals.
- Carbon emissions play a big part in global warming. Mangroves offer considerable carbon storage and thus help to keep the planet cool.
- Since limited freshwater is available in salty inter-tidal soils, mangroves limit the amount of water they lose through their leaves. They have adapted in such a way that they can restrict the opening of the stomata present on the leave surfaces, during the photosynthesis process.
- The flowers of black and white mangrove trees produce nectar that can be used to make honey.
- Their seeds fall from the tree and will grow roots as soon as they touch any kind of soil.
- Nitrogen & Phosphorous are two of the key elements needed for mangrove trees to be able to grow.
- The water quality can be increased because of mangrove. It is due to the fact that the water will be filtered by eliminating the sediment, dust and debris.
- Mangroves have prop roots, which not only carries water and oxygen to the underground root network, but also forms a strong support system which allows the trees to stand in soft mud & shallow water.
- Black mangrove extract is a good herbal cure against headache.
- Mangroves have been exploited for timber for building houses and boats. They are also being used as fuel-wood for cooking. Continuous such exploitation can have a bad impact on the mangrove ecosystem.
- The largest coverage of mangrove plantation can be found in Indonesia, roughly 2,500 square kilometres.
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